Here you will find an extensive list of crochet abbreviations and terms, including both US and UK terms.
When you first read a crochet pattern you may think that it has been written in another language.
And it sort of has been – but it is a simple enough language to understand.
Patterns use abbreviations that are shortened ways of telling you what techniques to do.
Crochet Abbreviations Explained
For example, single crochet is abbreviated to sc and double crochet is abbreviated to dc.
The letters are often next to a number that will tell you how many stitches you should crochet.
For example, sc 6 sts means ‘single crochet 6 stitches‘.
This shorthand makes the patterns shorter and simpler for you to follow.
If the instructions were all written in full, then the patterns would be pages and pages long!
What Is The Difference Between The US and UK Crochet Terms?
Once you start to learn how to read crochet patterns and practice crochet techniques you will become more and more used to the shortened abbreviations.
If you see an abbreviation that you don’t understand, you can check the reference guide below (see the downloadable PDF at the bottom of this page).
Crocheters in the UK and the US use different terms such as ‘single crochet’ in the US will be ‘double crochet’ in the UK.
Apart from those listed below, the differences are small so you can use patterns from anywhere!
Get Started – Crochet Abbreviations + Terms List
If you want to learn more about how to start crocheting, please visit this post – How To Crochet For Beginners.
There you will find tutorials for the basic crochet stitches (single crochet, double crochet, triple crochet, etc).
The list below is a starter handy guide to general abbreviations and terms.
- There are links to video tutorials for some of the techniques below.
- Download an easy to print out PDF at the bottom of this page.
- Take a look at the general terms below to get started.
[ ] work instructions within brackets as many times as directed
( ) work instructions within parentheses as many times as directed
* repeat the instructions following the single asterisk as directed
** repeat instructions between asterisks as many times as directed or repeat from a given set of instructions
alt – alternate
approx – approximate
beg – begin/beginning
bet – between
BL or blo – back loop(s)
bo – bobble
BP – back post
BPdc – back post double crochet
BPsc – back post single crochet
BPtc – back post treble crochet
CA – color A
CB – color B
CC – contrasting color
ch – chain stitch (Tutorial)
ch- – refers to chain or space previously made: e.g., ch-1 space
ch-sp – chain space
CL – cluster
cm – centimeter(s)
cont – continue
dc – double crochet (Tutorial)
dc2tog – double crochet 2 stitches together
dtr – double treble
FL – front loop(s)
foll – follow, follows, following
foundation chain – a group of chain stitches (Tutorial)
FP – front post
FPdc – front post double crochet
FPsc – front post single crochet
FPtr – front post treble crochet
fsc – foundation single crochet
g – gram
hch – half double crochet
hdc – half double crochet
inc – increase, increases, increasing
lp(s) – loop(s)
m – meter(s)
MC – main color
mm – millimeters
oz – ounce(s)
p – picot
pat(s) or patt – pattern(s)
pc – popcorn (Tutorial)
pm – place marker
prev – previous
rem – remain, remaining
rep – repeat(s)
rnd(s) – round(s)
RS – right side
sc – single crochet (Tutorial)
sc dec – single crochet decrease (Tutorial)
sc2tog – single crochet 2 stitches together
sk – skip
Sl st – slip stitch
sp(s) – space(s)
st(s) – stitch(es)
tch or tch – turning chain
tbl – through back loop
tog – together
tr – treble crochet (Tutorial)
trtr – triple treble crochet
WS – wrong side
yd(s) – yard(s)
yoh – yarn over hook